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FIRST REPORT 



IWouffl !{mnatte ^flricig, 

Incorporated February, 1887, 

FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY AND THE 
DIFFUSION OF A HUMANE PUBLIC 
SENTIMENT. 




"In joining the Humane Society you aid an advanced step in 
the march of Christianity. You give the weight of your influence 
and example to make the people of this nation more merciful ; to 
stop brutality and wars and crimes of violence ; and to hasten the 
dawning of that day — 

' ' ' When peace shall over all the earth 
Its ancient splendors fling, 
And the whole world give back the song 
That now the angels sing."' 



TORONTO : 
Printed for the Society by William Briggs, 

78 & 80 King Street East. 



FIRST REPORT y 

OF THE 

TORONTO HUMANE SOCIETY, 

Incorporated February, 1887, 



FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY AND THE 
DIFFUSION OF A HUMANE PUBLIC 
SENTIMENT. 




" In joining the Humane Society you aid an advanced step in 
the march of Christianity. You give the weight of your influence 
and example to make the people of this nation more merciful ; to 
stop brutality and wars and crimes of violence ; and to hasten the 
dawning of that day — 

" 'When peace shall over all the earth 
Its ancient splendors fling, 
And the whole world give back the song 
That now the angels sing.' " 

TORONTO: 
Printed for the Society by William Briggs, 

78 & 80 King Street East. 
1888. 



OFFICERS 

OF THE 

TORONTO HUMANE SOCIETY, 

1888. 



President. 

W. R. Brock. 



Vice-Presidents. 

J. George Hodgins, LL.D. William H. Howland. 
Rev. D. J. Macdonnell, B.D. James H. Pearce. 

Treasurer. 

John I. Davidson (36 Yonge Street). 

Secretary. 

J. J. Kelso, (Post Office Box 2654). 

Advisory Directors. 

Rev. Canon DuMoulin, M.A. Rev. William Briggs, D.D. 

Rev. Joseph Wild, D.D. Rev. John H. Castle, D.D. 

Mrs. C. B. Grasett. Miss Dupont. 

Mrs. S. J. Brett. Mrs. S. F. McMaster. 

Mrs. J. B. Willmott. Mrs. J. H. Richardson. 

Miss M. Elliott. Mrs. J. C. Clapp. 

Mrs. C. E. Leigh. Miss Workman. 

James Bain, Jr. J. Kidston Macdonald. 

Thomas McGaw. William Canniff, M.D. 

Mervyn Mackenzie. D. A. O'Sullivan, LL.D. 

Solicitors. 

Beverley Jones. F. E. Galbraith. 

C. R. W. Biggar, City Solicitor. 

Veterinary Surgeon. 

Andrew Smith, M.D. 

Prosecuting Agents. 

Inspector Archabold. Constable John Willis. 

Of the City Police Department. 



THE WOR K 

OF THE 

TORONTO HUMANE SOCIETY. 



Objects of the Society. 

The Toronto Humane Society was organ- 
ized in February, 1887, and incorporated two 
months later. 

The Society aims to have the laws enforced 
which are designed to protect animals and children 
from abuse and cruelty, and to do what it can for 
humane education. For its support it relies upon 
citizens who approve its objects, and it invites their 
co-operation. 

It aims particularly to stop the beating, over- 
loading, over-driving and under-feeding of animals, 
to stop the driving of such as are galled and dis- 
abled, and all cruelties in the transportation of live 
stock of every kind ; also, to prevent cruelty to 
children, and to rescue them from vicious influ- 
ences and remedy their condition. 

It advocates the erection of drinking fountains, 
better horse-shoeing, improved cattle cars, and 
humaner laws. It would induce clergymen, editors, 
teachers and authors to advocate, each in his own 
sphere, mercy and justice to the dumb creation. 

It asks farmers and others to protect insecti- 
vorous birds, boys not to touch birds' nests, owners 



4 



not to sell family horses to owners of tip carts ; 
and it would invite all to study and appreciate the 
services, the intelligence and moral qualities of the 
lower creatures. 

The Society invites information from all parts of 
the Province in regard to the treatment of animals, 
and especially asks citizens to report cases of 
neglect and cruelty. Informants are asked to give 
their names and addresses, but these will not be 
made known except with their consent. Their 
information will be a guide to the inquiries of the 
agents of the Society. 

Where a case of cruelty requires immediate 
attention, those acquainted with the facts should 
communicate direct with Inspector Archabold, 
Police Office, Court Street. Other communications 
should be addressed to the Secretary, J. J. Kelso, 
P. O. Box 2654. 

The membership fee is placed at the low figure 
of $1, so that none may be debarred from taking 
part in the work, but persons of means are urged 
to give liberally. Bequests are received in trust 
for the extension of humane work, and life mem- 
bership is secured by a payment of $50. J. I. 
Davidson, Treasurer, 36 Yonge Street. 

Special Officer Appointed. 

The first step taken by the Society was to secure 
the appointment of a police constable to act as 
special officer for the prevention of cruelty to 
animals. Through the kindness of the City 
Council and Chief Constable Grasett, the work 
was assigned to Constable Whitesides, in connec- 
tion with Inspector Archabold's department. This 



5 



constable did good work for the cause, but it was 
found desirable to make a change, and in July, 
1888, the position of special Humane Officer was 
transferred to Constable John Willis. Since his 
appointment in July last, Constable Willis has had 
132 cases in court, securing convictions in all but 
six cases. He has proved himself an efficient 
and careful officer, showing great forbearance and 
discretion in the exercise of his important office. 
He makes almost daily visits to St. Lawrence 
Market, Western Cattle Market, stock-yards, 
slaughter-houses, brick-yards, sand-pits, public 
works, etc., besides examining horses on the 
streets and inquiring into cases reported at the 
office. His work is becoming known in every 
part of the city, and those contemplating cruelty 
are restrained by a wholesome fear of the con- 
sequences. 



Our Publication. 

The Society has recently issued a work on the 
aims of Humane Societies, which is probably the 
most complete of its kind ever published. It 
extends over 240 pages, is illustrated by 112 en- 
gravings, and is replete with interesting stories 
relating to animals and children. The editorial 
work was performed by J. George Hodgins, M.A., 
LL.D. The book can be purchased from the 
Secretary, or at leading book stores, at 50 cents 
cloth, and 25 cents paper (postage extra), and it is 
hoped that every friend of the Humane cause will 
aid in giving it a wide circulation. No better book 
could be selected for a birthday present, a Sabbath 
School library, or a day school text-book. 



6 



Legislation Secured. 

The Society has secured the passage of a bill 
entitled, " An Act for the Protection and Reforma- 
tion of Neglected Children." It has also secured 
the insertion of a clause in the Municipal Act pro- 
viding for the licensing and regulating of children 
selling newspapers. A bill is at present before the 
Dominion Parliament to make important amend- 
ments to the Act for preventing cruelty to animals, 
and every effort will be made to secure its adop- 
tion. The Society is also advocating the appoint- 
ment of three unsalaried commissioners to conduct 
the trial of juvenile offenders, with a view to 
guarding the young from contact with prison life 
and adult criminals. 

Erection of Drinking Fountains. 

The need of additional horse-troughs and drink- 
ing fountains throughout the city was brought to 
the attention of the Civic Water Works Committee, 
and on motion of Aid. Baxter $2,000 was unani- 
mously voted for this purpose. Over twenty foun- 
tains have been erected this summer (1888), and 
others will be added next year. The Society would 
invite humane citizens of means to erect other 
fountains in desirable localities. Money could 
hardly be spent on a more beneficent object. 

Work Among Children. 

The Public School Board of Toronto have pur- 
chased 250 copies of our Humane book for use in 
the school course, and already the children are 
very much interested in the Humane cause. In 
two of the schools Bands of Mercy have been 
formed, and others will be organized shortly. 



7 



The pledge of the Band of Mercy is, u 1 will try 
to be kind to all harmless living creatures, and try 
to protect them from cruel usage? Monthly or 
fortnightly meetings are held, at which the children 
relate incidents about animals from their own 
experience, recite or read stories and sing. They 
thus become interested in the dumb creation, and 
are practised in acts of thoughtfulness. 

The Half has Not been Told. 

The foregoing remarks do not cover one-tenth of 
the work accomplished by the Society since its 
organization two years ago. A lively interest has 
been awakened in the welfare of the dumb crea- 
tion — the overloading and unmerciful beating of 
horses, the indiscriminate slaughter of song-birds, 
the unscientific killing of dogs, and the neglect of 
cattle in transport to the market, are now regarded 
as offences, punishable by a"consensus of opinion 
and the laws of the country. 

Financial Support Needed. 

Unless the friends of the Humane cause place a 
reasonable income in the hands of the treasurer, 
very little can be done to extend the work. Through 
the generosity of a lady member, the Society was 
enabled to issue its publication, "Aims and 
Objects," but there is still a large sum due for 
it. Then it is desirable that a Humane Office 
should be established, where complaints could be 
registered, and the general work of the Society 
properly attended to. Band of Mercy literature 
is being called for by the schools, and there are 
many other desirable things to be accomplished. 
Nothing can be done, however, until the Society's 
debt is paid. 



8 



How to Kill the Society. 

Indifference toward the work of the Society will 
do more harm than positive opposition. A lady 
member called upon a wealthy citizen a short time 
ago and asked him for a contribution to the 
Society. " No," he replied, " I will wait and see 
if the Society is going to live. I contributed to 
the old Society, but it succumbed after a feeble 
career." Those who wish to see the Humane 
Society defunct, and the dumb and unprotected 
left without an organized body of friends, cannot 
do better than follow the above example. 



TORONTO HUMANE SOCIETY. 
1888. Receipts. 



Dec. 6. Total amount received in Donations 

and Subscriptions to date $ T >497 96 

Total amount received from Sale of 

Book 253 99 

$i,75i 95 

Disbursements. 
Dec. 6. Expenditure to date on Society Ac- 
count (as per Vouchers) $594 22 

Amount paid Rev. William Briggs on 

Book Account 750 00 

Comrriissions paid on Sales of Book . . 555 

$1,349 77 

402 18 

Amount of Book Contract with Rev. 

William Briggs 1,861 90 

Less paid him as above 750 00 

1,111 90 

Deficit $709 72 



John I. Davidson, Treasurer. 



9 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS 

TO THE 

TORONTO HUMANE SOCIETY, 
1887-8. 



1887. 

C. H. Postlethwaite $1 00 

J. H. Pearce 1 00 

Major Scott 1 00 

Mrs. E. Helliwell 1 00 

Mrs. H. Stanton 1 00 

G. Goulding 5 00 

H. L. Hinae 5 00 

L. V. Percival 1 00 

Mrs. A. D. Wright 1 00 

A. J. Close & Co 5 00 

R. Hay, M.P 1 00 

Mrs. F. Smith 2 00 

Mrs. Robt. Snarr 2 00 

P. J. Scholfield 1 00 

C. T. Paull 1 00 

J. O. Hughes 1 00 

H. E. Smallpiece 1 00 

J. F. Loudon 2 00 

A. E. H '. 5 00 

Alex. Patterson 1 00 

Mrs. C. E. Leigh 1 00 

Miss Workman 5 00 

Edw. Taylor 1 00 

J. H. Robinson 2 00 

Henry Carter 1 00 

Rev. Septimus Jones .... 1 00 

Rev. G. J. Bishop 1 00 

Mervyn Mackenzie 10 00 

Anonymous, per W. H. H. 2 00 

J. D. Nasmith 5 00 

Miss M. C. Elliot 4 00 

Thos. McGaw 10 00 

Aid. Boustead 5 00 

Major Scott 1 00 

Rev. Septimus Jones .... 1 0C 

J. H. Pearce 2 00 

Rev. D. J. Macdonnell 5 00 

Mrs. J. C. Clapp 2 00 

Miss Dupont 10 00 



Archibald MacMurchy . . $1 00 

Miss F. W 2 00 

W. Bavley 2 00 

J. H. McCaul 5 00 

W. R. Brock 25 00 

D. L. Thompson 1 00 

Northrop, Lyman & Co . . 5 00 

J. Flett 1 00 

U. Lowndes 1 00 

R W. Elliot 1 00 

Wm. Elliot 1 00 

Miss F. Workman 1 00 

E. Hooper & Co 5 00 

Joseph Lugsdin 1 00 

John Lugsdin 1 00 

H. A. Collins 1 00 

D. Coulson 2 00 

D. W. Alexander 1 00 

G. W. Beardmore 1 00 

Barber & Ellis Co 2 00 

James E. Ellis 1 00 

W. H. Thorp 2 00 

Miss Jacques 2 00 

M. Sloan? 1 00 

M. Scarth 1 00 

Mrs. C. B. Grasett 5 00 

Col. Gzowski 1 00 

Mrs. E. Baldwin 1 00 

E. O. Bickford 5 00 

Miss Cousins 5 00 

Miss H. Boulton 1 00 

Mrs. Grasett 1 00 

A. T. Fulton 2 00 

Hon. Justice Gait 5 00 

D. Blain 5 00 

Dr. J. G. Hodgins 5 00 

Mrs. John Cawthra 5 00 

Mrs. R. Bethune 1 00 

Mrs. J. H. Burnham 1 00 

Caldwell & Hodgins 2 00 



I 



o 



H. Barber $1 00 

Crealock & Brown 2 00 

A. B. Harrison 5 00 

M. J. Cain 1 00 

A. S. Nordheimer 3 00 

Jas. Morris . . 1 00 

John Catto 2 00 

Friend 1 25 

Miss Carty 10 00 

Friend 6 00 

Friend 2 00 

Mrs. Brett 1 00 

Mrs. J. H. Richardson . . 1 00 

Mrs. Macklim 1 00 

Miss Macklim 1 00 

School-girl 45 

Hon. John Macdonald 25 00 

J. Kidston Macdonald 10 00 

Rev. Canon DuMoulin . . 5 00 

A. Boyd 2 00 

J. Byrne 1 00 

S. May 5 00 

Mrs. J. Strachan 1 00 

Aid. J. Harvie 5 00 

Mrs. J. K. Trout, M.D. .. 5 00 

Mrs. John Hoskin 2 00 

A. M. G 5 00 

1888. 

Henry Cawthra 5 00 

Aid. R. J. Fleming 1 00 

Rev. Dr. Wild 1 00 

Miss F. Workman 3 00 

Rev. Dr. Briggs 2 00 

W. H. Rowland 1 00 

R. C. Matheson 1 00 

A. D. May 1 00 

Col'cted at Public Meeting 16 26 

S. G. Wood 1 00 

J. S. Kirkpatrick 1 00 

Miss Mills 1 00 

Miss K. M. Sproule 5 00 

Massev Manufacturing Co. 3 00 

Chas. Cockshutt 2 00 

W. H. Knowlton 1 00 

Anonymous 1 00 

Mrs. John Harvie 1 00 

H. P. Dwight 1 00 

Miss E. A. Gwynne 500 00 

F. E. Galbraith 2 00 

Miss Mellisb , 1 00 

A. B 1 00 

C. C. McGlashan 1 00 

W. C. Crowther 1 00 

W. Macdonald 2 00 

Miss Ma»gie Orr 2 00 

Henry Hutchinson 2 00 

Dr. J. E. Elliot 1 00 

H. W. Aikins 1 00 



J. Kerr $1 00 

Wm. M. Clark 5 00 

Keith & Fitzsimmons .... 1 00 

Mr. & Mrs. S. Softley .... 2 00 

A. French 1 00 

#. J. Gartshore 2 00 

W. H. Blundell & Co 1 00 

A. F. Ede 1 00 

G. L. Beardmore 1 00 

Miss B. Collie 1 00 

Henry Gooderham 2 00 

H. Stone 1 00 

R. U. McPherson 1 00 

Rev. Wm. Patterson 1 00 

M. McMillian 1 00 

E. M. Trowern 1 00 

W. A. Thompson 5 00 

Aikenhead & Crombie . . 2 00 

C. M. Taylor & Co 1 00 

W. J. Gage 2 00 

C. H. Nelson 1 00 

C. W. Connor 1 00 

Friend 50 

Friend 50 

A. L. Anderson 2 00 

J. W. Dowd 1 00 

Mrs. John Morrison 1 00 

Miss Hillary 1 00 

Carl Martens 1 00 

E. W. Phipps 1 00 

Theo. Martens 2 00 

Mr. Matthews 1 00 

J. W. G. Whitney 4 00 

John Earls 2 00 

Livingstone, Johnston & 

Co 2 00 

John Stark 2 00 

Rev. D. G. Sutherland .. 2 00 

Kilgour Bros 2 00 

Mrs. John Ritchie 1 00 

J. W. Wallace 1 00 

Dr. Russell 1 00 

Dr. Jas. McCullough .... 1 00 

Rev. B. Longley 1 00 

Dr. W. fl. Oliphant 1 00 

Barber & Ellis Co 1 00 

A. A. Allen 1 00 

W. D. McPherson 1 00 

Friend 50 

Friend 50 

Mrs. Arnold 4 00 

S. G Wood 1 00 

D. Creighton 2 00 

Northrop & Lyman Co. . . 5 00 

Flett, Lowndes & Co 2 00 

R. W. Elliot 1 00 

Barber & Ellis 2 00 

D. Coulson 5 00 

Miss O'Hara 1 00 

W. C C 50 



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Hargreave Bros $0 50 

W. J. Greig 50 

B. Scollard : .. 50 

J. H. G. Hagarty 1 00 

B. C. B. J. 1 00 

W. Bros 1 00 

Dr. J. A. Peters 1 00 

Dr. G. S Ryerson 5 00 

W. A. Geddes 50 

T. G. Foster 1 00 

T. Milburn 1 00 

Jas. Young 1 00 

C. H. & Co 1 00 

R. S. Smellie 1 00 

J. G. S. Lindsay 1 00 

T. Threlbridge 1 00 

John Catto 1 00 

D. Ridout 1 00 

Three Friends 1 50 

P. Jamieson 1 00 

W. Bayley 2 00 

H. W. Cuff 1 00 

G. Goulding & Son 2 00 

C. J. Winstanley 1 00 

C. W. Postlethwaite 1 00 

R. C. Steele 1 00 

R. & T. Watson 1 00 

McMaster, Darling & Co. 2 00 

B. O.Wood 1 00 

Mrs. Neville 1 00 

Mason & Risch 2 00 

H. L. Hime & Co 5 00 

E. J. Lennox 1 00 

Ed. Schriver 1 00 

G. P 1 00 

Friends 1 50 

Chas. Durand 1 00 

A. H. Gilbert 1 00 

Isaac Newlands 1 00 

Graham & MacClean 1 00 

W. R. Gregg 1 00 

W. H. Sanderson 1 00 

J. Strachan 1 00 

B. R 50 

Wm. Robins 1 00 

Jas. M. McCallum 1 00 

G. E. Gillespie 5 00 

George Gooderham 5 00 

M. Lennox D.S 1 00 

Dr. Hewitt . 50 

Friends 3 00 

H. C. Blachford 2 00 

Hugh Miller 1 00 

Wheeler & Bain 1 00 

Rev. J. D. Caylev 1 00 

G. H. Burnhani 1 00 

O. NewcomDe & Co 1 00 

J. O. Anderson 1 00 

E. W. D. Butler 1 00 

George Faulkner 50 



R. J. Score $1 00 

J. Alexander 1 00 

J. S. Robertson 1 00 

Geo. Kerr, jun 1 00 

Friends 2 50 

J. Pearce (John Street) . . 1 00 

A. H. Wright 1 00 

Dr. W, Clark 2 00 

W. J. Wagner 1 00 

Friend 2 00 

N. O. Honway 1 00 

John C. Copp 1 00 

C. S. Grafton 1 00 

Elliot & Son 1 00 

D. Murkay 50 

Carick & Macdonell 1 00 

Major-General Kerr 100 

D. A. B. Atherton 1 00 

Rev. Dr. Kellogg 1 00 

Friends 1 50 

E. Gurney 25 00 

R. Simpson 1 00 

W. H. C. Kerr 1 00 

Harry Piper 1 00 

J. N. McKendry 2 00 

Mrs. McLean 3 00 

J. L. Morrison 2 00 

Thos. McGaw 10 00 

John Morison 1 00 

C. B. Robinson 1 00 

Mr. Henry Gooderham... 1 00 

Rev. William Briggs .... 1 00 

Friend 1 00 

George S. Michie 1 00 

Thomas Bell 3 00 

J. Kay, Son & Co 5 00 

Mrs. N. W. Hoyles 2 00 

Florence 25 

Florrie 25 

Two Others 50 

Mrs. J. B. Willmott 2 00 

Miss Elliott 1 00 

O. A. Howland 2 00 

W. H. Huston 1 00 

Mrs. Weir 1 00 

D. E. J. Barrick 1 00 

Eby, Blain & Co 5 00 

H. V. Knight 1 00 

Dr. W. W. Ogden 1 00 

James W. Proctor 1 00 

Mrs. Pugsley 1 00 

Dr. Bingham 50 

Friend 25 

W. Darling- 5 00 

Drs. Hipkins <fe Snelgrove 1 00 

S. Coleman 1 00 

F. W. Kingstone 2 00 

Matthews Bros. & Co 1 00 

W. H. Smith 1 00 

William Cooke 1 00 



I 



2 



J. R. Lee SI 00 

Rev. Septimus Jones .... 1 00 

Rev. Elmore Harris 1 00 

Mrs. J. C. Clapp 1 00 

W. M 1 00 

Chas. Rogers & Son 1 00 

Donogh & Oliver 5 00 

Aid. McDougall 1 00 

Mr. A. Crawford 5 00 

J. H. Pearce 5 00 

Mrs. Jackson 1 00 

Mrs. George Duggan 1 00 

W. Williamson 2 00 

F. Hodgins 10 00 

Miss MeColl 50 

Mr. McColl 60 

Miss Carty 10 00 

Miss E. A. Gwynne 100 00 

R. Jenkins 10 00 

John Kerr 10 0) 

Alex. Boyd 1 00 

John I. Davidson 5 00 

M. Walker (Golden Lion). 50 

M. Ransom 25 

G. B. Smith 2 00 

Aid. Hallam 3 00 

Miss H. Boulton 1 00 

J. Kav & Co 5 00 

Mrs. Cosby 2 00 

Mrs. C. B. Grasett 5 00 

Mr. C. B. Grasett 5 00 

W. A. Murray & Co 1 00 

R. Walker 1 00 



R. Scott $1 00 

C. Rogers 2 00 

Miss K. Veals 5 00 

Miss Cosens 1 00 

Dr. Strange 5 00 

Mrs. Strachan 1 00 

Miss C. Jarvis 1 00 

M. Scarth 1 00 

E. M. Chad wick 1 00 

C. Robinson 4 00 

W. H. B 1 00 

Mr. Peake 1 00 

R. Gilmor 1 00 

Mrs. R. Gilmor 1 00 

Mrs. E. Baldwin 2 00 

Col. Gzowski 5 00 

Rice Lewis & Son 5 00 

Mrs. Winn 2 00 

Mrs. E. C. Jones 1 00 

Robert Hay 5 00 

G. Dickson 1 00 

Mrs. S. He ward 5 00 

Mrs. Manning 2 00 

Mr. Perkins 50 

Mrs. J. G. Cook 10 00 

Mrs. E. D. Armour 1 00 

Miss Dupont 10 00 

Miss Pearson 50 

Elias Rogers 1 00 

M. Sloan 1 00 

E. O. Bickford 5 00 

Miss Kingstone 1 00 

John I. Davidson 25 00